1. New Wave Of Attacks In Cabo Delgado As War Escalates

The past two weeks have seen a surge in insurgent attacks in Cabo Delgado, including many areas considered to have been stabilized. Many IDPs fleeing from the northern parts of Cabo Delgado were resettled at Ancuabe – considered to be safe, and a mere 90 km from Pemba. Ancuabe was attacked on Sunday 5 June 2022. Two people were killed and one had an arm cut off, prompting Ancuabe residents to flee.

 

Insurgents in the last week of May had been active north along the N380 road in Massase and Nguia, as well as along the Meluco – Nguia road and in parts of western Quissanga. This latest attack by the insurgents is their biggest advance south so far, after a large group of insurgents was uprooted by a major Rwandan offensive in Macomia in April. Last month, militants appeared to have moved from forested areas in Macomia Centro-Norte to Macomia Ocidental, Muidumbe Sul, Meluco Oriental e Norte and Quissanga Occidental. There is a significant threat of more attacks in the near future along the N380 road further
south to Ancuabe.

The attack took place two days after the President of the Republic claimed “encouraging results” in the fight against
violence in Cabo Delgado, These latest developments contradict claims by government officials that Cabo Delgado
has been stabilized, and it is now safe to return.

CDD reported on 8 June 2022 as follows:

It is the first attack in Ancuabe and has already raised alarms about the expansion of the conflict in the south of Cabo Delgado. The incursion of violent extremists took place less than 100 kilometers from Pemba, so the provincial capital is on alert. Ancuabe it is the district that received the largest number of displaced people, after Metuge. The attack of last Sunday could exacerbate the humanitarian crisis. It’s the first large-scale attack since the arrival, almost a year ago, of foreign troops in Mozambique, and the closest
to Pemba, the capital of Cabo Delgado. Ancuabe is one of the southern districts of the province that received foreign investment in the last five years. One of them is the exploration project for graphite, which has been operating since 2017 by GK Ancabue Graphite Mine, a subsidiary of the German company AMG Graphit Kropfmuehl GmbH3. The graphite mine represents an investment of 12 million euros and is located close to Nanduli, the neighborhood where the attack took place on Sunday afternoon. But the biggest investment in Ancuabe is the Metoro Solar Power Station, a clean energy generation project valued at 56 million dollars with a generating capacity of 41MWp. It is expected to benefit 140,000 people.

 

Displaced families already faced difficulties adapting to resettlement areas. They came from coastal areas where the main activity was fishing and are now in the interior of Cabo Delgado where subsistence agriculture predominates. This situation increased their dependence on emergency humanitarian assistance. Last Sunday’s attack could aggravate the humanitarian situation in Ancuabe, as the insecurity is forcing the displacement of hundreds of families, including those who already had been displaced. Some families travelled to Pemba. Images from a video shared on social networks showed a bus full of people fleeing Ancuabe to Pemba on Sunday night. Other families with children followed on foot to various destinations, loaded with the few goods they managed to take from their homes.

After a long period of relative stability, violent extremists are back in action, launching new attacks against several villages in Macomia and Nangade districts. Reports of the last few weeks show that the extremists resumed beheading of civilians. At least 10 beheaded people were counted and others kidnapped in various attacks recorded mainly in Macomia and Nangade. The resurgence of attacks led the consultancy Eurasia to consider it unlikely that oil companies, specifically the French TotalEnergies, would resume work in Cabo Delgado in the next 12 months due to persistent insecurity.

 

2. Signing Of Extradition Treaty Between Mozambique And Rwanda Raises Fears Amongst Refugees In Mozambique

Gradually, the Paul Kagame regime begins to reap its dividends from sending over two thousand soldiers and
police to help Mozambique in the fight against extremism in Cabo Delgado. In addition to securing contracts in the
gas business, Rwanda now has carte blanche to request the Mozambican authorities to extradite opponents and
critics of the Paul Kagame regime who are refugees in Mozambique.

The signing of the extradition agreement between Mozambique and Rwanda increased insecurity for Rwandans
living in Mozambique. It’s the second blow to the Rwandan community, after the sending of Claude Nikobisanzwe to
serve as Rwanda’s High- Commissioner in Mozambique. Claude Nikobisanzwe is the diplomat who in 2014 was
expelled from South Africa on suspicion of involvement in the murder of Patrick Karegeya, former Rwandan
intelligence chief found dead in a Johannesburg hotel. Just last year, the Rwandan community in Mozambique lost
two members in circumstances not yet clarified: the shooting of Revocant Karemangingo, deputy-president of the
Association of Rwandan Refugees in Mozambique. The victim was riddled With bullets near his residence, in Bairro
Liberdade, Cidade da Matola; and the disappearance of Ntamuhanga Cassien, a 37-year-old Rwandan journalist who was in exile on Inhaca Island.

 

3. Archbishop Inacio Saure Speaks Out On Cabo Delgado

In an interview with Vatican news on 9 June 2022, Dom Inacio Saure, , Archbishop of Nampula and President of the
Episcopal Conference of Mozambique (CEM), said: “Peace requires knowing the causes of war and the commitment of all. All interested parties must know the fundamental cause of the problem in Cabo Delgado, to find the appropriate remedies to solve it, and that we all get involved to work together to end this war”. Speaking of the conflict that has been afflicting the Province of Cabo Delgado (northern Mozambique) for almost five years, Archbishop Dom Inácio recognizes above all its complexity, from the beginning in 2017: on the one hand, the
prelate stressed, it has been characterized by cruelty, with murders, beheadings and much more, causing deaths and displacement even in the neighbouring provinces; but also, lately, by the counter-offensive of the allied troops, that is, from SADC and Rwanda, which, together with the national army, have brought certain stability, a certain improvement in security conditions.

 

 

 

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