1. Civil Society and State Raise Concerns Over Human Rights Violations in Areas of Natural Resources


DW reported on 7 November 2022 that the Mozambican state and civil society say that the work of human rights institutions in regions where natural resources is needed needs to be strengthened. Where there are megaprojects for the exploitation of natural resources, there are still reports of violations of the rights of communities. Civil society often denounces non-compliance with resettlement plans, failures in the implementation of social responsibility measures and lack of transparency in the allocation and management of benefits for the population. Both civil society and the Government believe that it is urgent to strengthen the actions of justice institutions to ensure respect for human rights in a business environment, particularly in northern Mozambique. That is why the two entities launched on Monday (07.11) a project to promote human rights in a business environment. The director of the Maputo Legal and Judicial Training Centre, Elisa Samuel, says that the Attorney General’s Office, the National Commission on Human Rights, the Bar Association, the police and the courts will create a united front for the communities: “We will work with these segments to understand what the role of each one is while it comes to analyzing, assessing and guaranteeing human rights.”

The Director of the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD), Adriano Nuvunga, trusts that the country is capable of administering justice, but corruption is still a problem. “When [companies] come here, they leave something for the boss,” he says. Nuvunga therefore advocates the permanence of human rights defenders in resource extraction zones. “And in case of threats, of being persecuted or prosecuted, they must be defended by a judiciary with independence and sense of mission, defending the dignity of the people.”

The Director of the Centre for Legal and Judicial Training, Elisa Samuel, warns, however, that justice in Mozambique still does not have the necessary tools to deal with several cases. It gives the example of the lawsuit by British mining company Gemfields, which almost three years ago agreed to pay more than eight million dollars after more than 200 complaints from miners, who accused the company’s security guards of beating or sexually abusing them during the exploitation of rubies in Montepuez, Cabo Delgado province. The case was tried in London because of the “legal vacuum” in Mozambique, says Elisa Samuel.


2. Attacks Continue in Cabo Delgado


As a result of last Friday’s attack (4 November 2022) in Pararane village in Namuno district, two people died and many houses were burned. It is the second attack in the district, the first of which was in the village of Muramiea.

The attack on Pararane comes the same week that the governor of Cabo Delgado province, Valige Tauabo, visited the district’s office to sympathize with the population victims of the terrorist incursions. The Administrator of Namuno, Maria Felisbela Lázaro, said that the attacks on the administrative post of Hucula [which includes the two villages], resulted in the displacement of about 10,000 people, including more than 6,000 children and 2,000 women.

Insurgent groups, which remain active in Cabo Delgado, killed four people in the districts of Meluco and Nangade last week, and burned the population’s houses. The attack focused on the village of Minhanha, less than 50 kilometers away from where the insurgents attacked the position of the Mozambican security forces, killing two military personnel and stealing weapons.

In another attack in Nangade district between Monday and Tuesday, a group of insurgents attacked the villages of Malelenga and Litingina, killing two people by beheading.

New terrorist attack leaves two dead in Namuno – Voice of Cabo Delgado (avoz.org)

And in another attack in the Muidumbe District, an armed group has killed two people and is suspected of having kidnapped four other. The attack happened on the afternoon of last Sunday (06.11) in the village of Mae. “The terrorists attacked our village again and that’s sad because we were returning,” said a resident in Mwambula. The alleged rebels attacked the village at 8pm local time and kidnapped four people, including a pregnant woman. From the village they went to Mavala, a low-income area where the population maintains agricultural fields and which, according to the same source, is “completely occupied by insurgents”.

“No one passes” in the alleged captivity, “because they’ve been there a long time, they’re eating our food”. Another source said the attack led several people to leave their homes to another district office, Namacande, about 20 kilometres away, and from there to other more distant locations. “There are a lot of people leaving and some go to Namacande, others to Mueda or Pemba, because these attacks show that there is still no security,” he added.

The population reports that since Sunday, there has been military movement in the area to try to control the situation, but some local sources suggest that a “permanent” team would be needed. The village of Mae, in the southern part of Muidumbe district, has been the target of armed attacks since 2019.


3. Food crisis in Mozambique


The food crisis in the country has worsened as a result of armed conflicts, especially in Cabo Delgado, which today directly affects more than 1.5 million people. “The Food Security Cluster is currently able to support about 50,000 families, and need to support 300,000 more families,” explains Brasilino Salvador, FAO agronomist in Pemba.

According to the latest FAO data, in Mozambique, food insecurity affects almost 74% of the population, that is, 23 million Mozambicans. Cabo Delgado: 300,000 families await food support | Mozambique | | DW 10.11.2022


4. Government of Germany supports Mozambique with 199 Million Euro


The Government of Germany has announced €199 million in support for social and economic development sectors in Mozambique as part of closer bilateral cooperation. The note from the German embassy in Maputo and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Mozambique states that funding will be channelled into the areas of vocational education, decentralization and public finances, sustainable economic development, as well as renewable energies.

The new financial package was agreed during negotiations between the delegations of the two countries, held on Tuesday and Wednesday, the statement said. The time, the head of the German delegation, Alois Schneider of the

Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development, said that “Germany is a committed, reliable and experienced partner that supports Mozambique in the implementation of its development objectives through effective cooperation.” The European country is one of Mozambique’s largest bilateral donors with a long history of cooperation, Schneider added. He said Germany’s aid will focus more on northern Mozambique.


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