1. Bishop of Pemba Speaks Out on Profligate Spending of Aid by NGO’s

The week of 1 July the Diocese Administrator of Pemba, Dom António Juliasse Sandramo, denounced the lack of channelling of aid to displaced persons in Cabo Delgado and said that donor’s funding only serves the interests of the donor organizations. “We listen to ads for millions of dollars given to Cabo Delgado, but of these millions, how much is really reaching the people? A good part is for a structures, for big cars, big salaries, big accommodations, large, luxurious seminars. Little is left for those who really need it”. In his critical speech, the prelate recalled that “there are several other things that are done in the name of good”, but in the end the promoters end up serving themselves. “It’s what we see. Huge salaries at expense of the poor. All the help that arrives ends up in a professionalized structures. Very little reaches those who are suffering. There are those who are advertising help, but much of what should help the victims, stays with them”.

2. Rwandan Military in Cabo Delgado

Rwandan military personnel have been seen in Cabo Delgado. Last week, on June 23, a group of 35 officers from Paul Kagame arrived in Pemba to assess conditions for a field intervention, writes Africa Intelligence, a publication edited in Paris. The officers will stay in Pemba for two weeks, studying security conditions in Cabo Delgado. AI says this is the second mission by Rwandan military personnel to Cabo Delgado. The first took place between the 7th and 9th of May.

The publication writes that Filipe Nyusi prefers Rwandan troops in the foreground, allegedly because he has his own experience in combating similar situations of Jhihadist terrorism, although the SADC Alert Force mechanism is already taking steps on the ground towards an intervention in Cabo Delgado .

3. Journalists Attacked by Security Forces in Nampula

Four journalists from different media, based in the city of Nampula, were physically attacked on Tuesday 28 June by agents of the Municipal Police. They are Leonardo Gimo (from TV Sucesso), Faizal Abudo (from TV Muniga), Simão Mugas (reporter of images from TV Muniga) and Emerson Joaquim (from Afro TV).

The case took place at the headquarters of the Municipal Police and Inspection, in the center of Nampula city, when the four journalists were trying to ascertain the veracity of the facts circulated, about an alleged illegal detention of three young people.

According to the reporters, it all started when TV Muniga received a complaint from three young people belonging to a civil society organization called “Resilient Minds”, who alleged that they had been illegally detained by agents of the Municipal Police of Nampula, allegedly after having participated in a program on that television station, in which they repudiated the physical attack of an informal trader by members of the Municipal Police.

As a way of ascertaining the veracity of these facts, the journalists on that television went to the municipal police premises, where they met other professional colleagues. On the spot, instead of providing the information that journalists needed, the victims say, the Municipal Police received the media professionals with insults and physical aggression. Among the aggressors, confirm the victims, were the Commander (Oliveira Maneque) and the Chief of Operations of the Municipal Police in that municipality in the north of the country.

Some journalists had bruises and others lost their property. Faizal Abudo, from TV Muniga, saw his motorbike stolen, and Leonardo Gimo saw his camera taken by the Municipal Police.

4. EU Approves Military Mission to Mozambique

European Union (EU) ambassadors on Wednesday (30.06) gave the green light to the creation of a military mission in Mozambique to help train its armed forces fighting jihadists in the north of the country, said the diplomats.

Portuguese soldiers are already training Mozambican troops and will make up about half of the new EU mission. Other countries, including France, Italy, and Spain, are expected to provide personnel for the mission. Foreign ministers from the 27-nation bloc are expected to formally sign the mission at a meeting on July 12th. The approval of the EU’s training mission comes as regional powers also seek to strengthen their support for Mozambique’s struggle to end terrorism in Cabo Delgado.

5. EU Sends Relief Aid to Cabo Delgado

On 30 June in Brindisi, an EU Humanitarian Air Bridge flight, co-organised by Italy and Portugal, departed to Mozambique, carrying 15 tonnes of life-saving cargo addressing pressing humanitarian needs.

Commissioner for Crisis Management, Janez Lenarčič, said: “The humanitarian situation in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique continues to deteriorate at an alarming rate. We are sending a new EU funded Humanitarian Air Bridge flight to get vital aid to this hard to reach part of the country. I thank Italy and Portugal for providing the medical equipment and humanitarian cargo of the flight. It is essential that full humanitarian access is granted in critical parts of Mozambique to save lives.”

The flight is expected to arrive in Pemba, Mozambique, on 3 July 2021. Two more flights carrying additional humanitarian aid are expected to depart from Brindisi in the coming days.

Since the beginning of 2021, the EU has mobilised over €17 million in humanitarian funding for Mozambique, mainly to address the consequences of the ongoing internal conflict. EU aid helps to ease the suffering of the affected population including those internally displaced and host communities, provide education for children, while also better preparing communities to deal with natural disasters.

The humanitarian situation in Mozambique, and especially in its provinces of Cabo Delgado, Niassa and Nampula is rapidly deteriorating. Nearly 2 million people in Mozambique are currently facing severe food insecurity due to the security situation, the drought, and the socio-economic impact of COVID-19. The fragile humanitarian situation in Mozambique’s Northern Province, Cabo Delgado continues to worsen. An escalation of violence has internally displaced more than 700,000 people. At least 1.3 million people are estimated to require immediate humanitarian assistance and protection in Cabo Delgado and in neighbouring province of Niassa and Nampula.

6. SADC Announces Budget For Mozambique Mission

The head of Angolan diplomacy announced a budget of US$12 million for the deployment of the SADC standby force in support of the Mozambican government in the face of the insurgency crisis. This means that between the 14 member states of SADC, a mandatory shared contribution of €10 million needs to be raised for operational expenses, to allow for the deployment of the joint regional force to support Mozambique in the fight against the Jihadi insurgency in Cabo Delgado. Speaking from Luanda, the Angolan Minister for foreign Affairs, Tete Antonio, who attended the virtual meeting of the foreign ministers of member states emphasized that the Council of Foreign Ministers “was tasked with working on a budget of the force that should be operated to support Mozambique. The source of this funding will be primarily the contingency fund and contributions from member states that participate with their troops. And they also have a contribution of $7 million (€5.8 million) that will be shared by the member states”. At the same virtual meeting, the foreign ministers agreed on a deadline of 9 July 2021 for member states to remit their contributions. However, continued Antonio, due to the present economic crisis precipitated by COVID-19, a reasonable expectation should be expected to also rely on the SADC reserve fund, “to allow for no delays in the fulfillment of this mission. As you know it is a question of survival of the region, the situation in Cabo Delgado is serious, the organization has to deal with it immediately and it was determined the deadline for contributions is 9 July, but is there is a deficit of contributions from member states, we can resort to the reserve fund”. Acknowledging the strategic importance of a well-funded reserve fund, Mr. Tete was quick to emphasis that in the event they resort to use of the reserve fund, the replenishment “must not be made too late. Because we cannot leave a region without a reserve and we don’t know how the situation may evolve, tomorrow we may resort to the same fund, so it is necessary that this fund is fed.” Again highlighting that it is imperative that the region learn from this crisis, “[the situation in Mozambique] should serve as a lesson for the region, in the sense that we fine tune our mechanisms so that when crisis like that happen the region is font doing the same exercise of meetings and meetings to respond to it.”

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