1. Disinformation by authorities puts lives at risk


Anxious to see TOTAL and others resume operations, authorities in Mozambique (military and civilian) have been urging IDP’s to return, claiming that the areas they fled are now safe. IDP’s returned, only to be killed in subsequent insurgent attacks. Similarly, authorities are denying or downplaying the numbers of IDP’s in Nampula Province, to show that normality has returned. Alberto Armando, of Mozambique’s National Institute for Disaster Risk Management and Reduction(INGD) in Nampula, said on 3 October that most of the 47,000 IDP’s in Nampula Province who fled the attacks in Eráti and Memba districts (Cabo Delgado) in September have returned, and that only 18 000 remain in Nampula Province. The fact that most of the displaced have returned home within weeks is not simply a case of improvements in security; in fact, many areas remain vulnerable. Cabo Ligado received reports of government pressuring displaced people to return, which some interpret as part of a wider effort from authorities to promote a normalization narrative. Local sources also report that displaced families struggle to receive humanitarian assistance in the communities they fled to. (https://www.caboligado.com/reports/cabo-ligado-weekly-26-september-2-october-2022 ). Humanitarian agencies rely on INGD statistics to calculate the amount of relief supplies that are needed. If INGD says that there are no IDP’s in a particular area, then the IDP’s who are there are not considered for humanitarian relief.

Contradicting Mr Armando’s claims that there is no influx of IDP’s into Nampula Province and that those who fled there in September have mostly returned, the pictures below were taken at the beginning of the week of 31 October, showing large numbers of IDP’s who had crossed the Lurio River, and are in search of a safe place in Nampula Province.


2. President Nyusi asks EU for more money, more weapons


The President of Mozambique, Filipe Nyusi, has again called for arms support from the European Union to fight terrorism in Cabo Delgado province. On the sidelines of the opening of the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly, meeting in the Mozambican capital for three days, the head of state also called for financial support already allocated by the European Union for military support to the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to be granted also to Rwanda, which also supports Mozambican troops in Cabo Delgado – particularly in areas where the country wants to return natural gas projects.

The European Union announced in early September the allocation of EUR 15 million for the SADC mission, including for field fortifications and storage containers, medical equipment, vehicles and boats, as well as technological devices. This tranche complements an €89 million funding to the Armed Forces of Mozambique to equip the units being trained by the European Union mission in the country.

Terrorism is one of the themes on the agenda of the Assembly between Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific (ACP) and the European Union, and MEP Carlos Zorrinho, co-president of the House, had already announced in his speech that, on Cabo Delgado, the European Union should take further steps in supporting Mozambique. Asked by journalists, the MEP said that the delivery of lethal weapons “is usually not” in the European Union support package, “but there are many ways to help and cooperate without necessarily having to do so to supply weapons.”

However, “the decision is not yet made” and this, along with support for Rwanda, are issues “on the table” and whose outcome “in time will be known”. One thing seems certain, according to Zorrinho: “All the signs I have is that, yes, support for Mozambique will continue to be strong and increasing.”


3. MISEREOR calls for non-military solution


Agencies call for non-warlike solutions to conflicts in Mozambique | | NEWS | DW 28.10.2022 German humanitarian aid agencies Bread for the World (BftW) and Misereor are appealing for concrete solutions to conflicts in Mozambique. And they stress that military solutions are insufficient. The German humanitarian aid agencies called on Friday (28.10) to find more concrete solutions to the conflict in Mozambique. In order to alleviate the crisis situation in Cabo Delgado province, military options should not be the only focus, both aid agencies said.

Poverty is particularly high in Cabo Delgado, although the province has huge deposits of natural gas and minerals. After the Russian invasion of Ukraine and the associated energy crisis, the region in northern Mozambique became the focus of European states and international companies.

The European Union (EU) supports Mozambique with military aid worth €89 million. In September, it approved an over €15 million to financially support an intervention force of southern African states. It is also planned to cover the costs of Rwandan troops stationed in the crisis zone to pacify the area and stabilize the situation on the ground.

Misereor warned that a lasting solution to the conflict is urgent and necessary, and that the security of the population should be the focus of political support measures. The agencies demanded a focus throughout the region and not just on gas infrastructure: “Security islands should not be created for economic projects, while around it the conflict continues without diminishing at the expense of the civilian population.”


4. Humanitarian Catastrophe in Mozambique Mounting Pressure on Neighbors: Catholic Entity


By Sheila Pires

Cabo Delgado, 27 October, 2022 / 9:00 pm (ACI Africa).

Renewed attacks coupled with beheadings in Mozambique’s Northern Province of Cabo Delgado have forced hundreds of civilians to flee into neighboring Nampula Archdiocese empty handed, the Director of Dennis Hurley Peace Institute (DHPI) has said, noting that the situation is exerting pressure on places neighboring the embattled Province.

In an interview with ACI Africa, Johan Viljoen described a deteriorating humanitarian situation in the Southern African nation, noting that several agencies have run out of funds to support the internally displaced persons (IDPs).

“We are seeing increased brutality and once again a resurgence in the number of internally displaced people. And then of course the other concern which will keep on repeating is the humanitarian catastrophe,” Mr. Viljoen said during the Tuesday, October 25 interview.

He added, “These people have fled with absolutely nothing; they are now starting to arrive as displaced people in Nampula Province. None of the international agencies or the international NGOs have the funds to provide humanitarian support either, so it’s a very bad situation.”

Since the start of extreme violence five years ago, thousands have reportedly died and nearly one million people have fled Cabo Delgado province.

The Thursday, October 20 attack on Mozambique’s ruby mining region has led to the closure of at least two mines causing “hundreds to flee from villages declared as safe by the government.”

Mr. Viljoen said that the monthly food rations provided by the associate body of the Southern African Catholic Bishops’ Conference (SACBC) together with Caritas Mozambique “had to be reduced in order to cater for the new arrivals.”

He added, “The situation on the ground is desperate. There are more pockets of displaced people showing up everywhere, and there’s no financial resources to feed them.”

In the October 25 interview, the DHPI Director underscored the need for more humanitarian assistance in Mozambique, noting that people in the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Nampula are on the brink of starvation due to the March floods caused by tropical cyclone Gombe, and droughts due to irregular rainfall in the region.

“If you go to places like Corrane and Rapale where the displaced are now showing up in the Archdiocese of Nampula, you will see that the people in the villages who live there, the local population, are no better off than the displaced people. They suffer from extreme poverty. They’ve experienced droughts and floods,” said Mr. Viljoen.

He said that the people have not been able to produce crops, adding, “There’s famine; displaced people are welcomed initially, but later on there is friction and tension that arises because of scarce resources.”

“We really have to look at including the most destitute members of the host communities in any relief program as well, because the last thing we need now is for these displaced people to be more traumatized or to be driven out of the communities due to lack of resources,” the Director of the SACBC peace entity told ACI Africa October 25.

Such a situation, he said, could lead to violence. “That is a serious problem that’s emerging. One million displaced people who have fled from Cabo Delgado is a huge burden to the host communities. And I think this should be on the forefront of every humanitarian agenda,” Mr. Viljoen added.


5. Attacks, beheadings continue in Chiure District


https://www.zumbofm.com reported on 27 October 2022 that the Administrator of the district of Chiúre, Oliveira Amino, confirmed the terrorist attack that occurred this Wednesday (26.10) in Bilibiza, in the Administrative post of Namogelia in Chiúre. “They again attacked, yesterday, in the town of Bilibiza, in the Administrative post of Namogelia. They beheaded a person in Bilibiza, and burned a church too. The population no longer know where to go, they are scattered in the woods trying to seek refuge” he said.

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