1. Latest Insurgent Movements

Insurgents continue to pursue their strategy of trying to win the ‘hearts and minds’ of civilians along the coast of

Cabo Delgado. Groups of insurgents arrived in the village of Luchete in Mocímboa da Praia and Pangane in Macomia

on 25 March, assuring residents that they had come in peace to buy food and other supplies. The group in Pangane

comprised 30 to 50 men, one source reported. Another source told Cabo Ligado that a large concentration of

insurgents had been observed in the forest of Quiterajo in Macomia and that fishermen often see them moving

along the beach in this area. Insurgents have also been sighted around the villages of Limala, Marere, and Calugo in

southern Mocímboa da Praia district. They have not yet attacked anyone, but they often instruct locals to go to the

market and buy supplies on their behalf, threatening them with violence if they do not cooperate.

An intense exchange of gunfire was reported on 30 March near Mucojo, on the road to Macomia district

headquarters. No details of the incident have emerged so far, but the South African contingent of the Southern

African Development Community (SADC) Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) responded to the incident and was seen

conducting patrols in the area over the following days.


The appearance of SAMIM’s South African contingent near Mucojo on Macomia’s coast last week highlights the

insurgents’ return to coastal areas in both Macomia and Mocímboa da Praia districts in recent months. This follows

the seemingly spontaneous return of displaced people to coastal areas of Macomia district in recent months, and

attempts to reach out to them by insurgents who have also moved eastwards. The first report of spontaneous return

to Mucojo was received in January 2023. Driven by inadequate food aid, people in Macomia district headquarters

started to return to Mucojo Administrative Post, before moving onward to coastal villages such as Pangane, Crimize,

and Nambo. This has continued, with people by now also back in villages such as Olumbua and Rueia. A little further

north in Quiterajo Administrative Post, people have returned to the fishing villages of Pequeué and Milamba.

Prior to military intervention in 2021, Mucojo was a significant site of insurgent violence, most of it directed at

civilians. In recent weeks, the insurgents’ approach in the area has been quite different. Insurgents have visited

villages in Mucojo three times in the past three weeks, according to a local source, the first time on 13 March at

Pangane, promising no harm, and offering to buy goods. Two weeks later, they visited two neighboring villages over

one weekend, according to a source. Moving in large groups of up to 50 people, they probably come from a

suspected new base situated a little inland. Similar approaches to villagers continue to be made in Mocímboa da

Praia district.



2. EU ambassador to Mozambique visits Cabo Delgado

The EU ambassador to Mozambique, Antonino Maggiore, paid a three-day visit to Cabo Delgado last week, signing a

15 million euros development grant for the province to be disbursed under the EU’s ResiNorte (Resilience for the

North) program in partnership with the UN Development Programme and the UN Population Fund. Maggiore also

visited Rwandan and Mozambican security forces in Mocímboa da Praia. At the end of his trip, he said he was very

impressed with the work of RDF and SAMIM, as well as the Mozambican forces. Speaking to reporters, he described

the humanitarian picture as “very difficult” but emphasized “the people are not left alone” by the government,

international community, or non-governmental organizations.

The visit comes as Mozambique awaits Jean-Christophe Rufin’s report on the humanitarian situation in Cabo Delgado

commissioned by TotalEnergies. Maggiore’s spirit of optimism contrasts somewhat with the Doctors Without

Borders assessment the week before of a ‘protracted crisis’ in Cabo Delgado.




3. Lack of transparency in the extractive sector raises concern


The level of transparency in the extractive industry sector continues to regress. Who says this is the Center for Public Integrity (CIP), in its third edition of the Index of Transparency in the Extractive Sector (ITSE), published yesterday in Maputo.

According to the document, between 2021 and 2022, 21 companies that exploit mineral resources and hydrocarbons were subjected to a transparency assessment in their actions, having obtained an average rating of 21 points, out of a total of 100 possible.

The result represents a reduction of four points compared to the 2020/2021 evaluation, which resulted in an average score of 25 points (in a total of 22 companies analyzed), and a decrease of eight points compared to the first evaluation (2019/2020), which found an average of 29 points, in a universe of 12 companies evaluated. The fiscal and environmental components are pointed out as the main contributors to the degradation of the index.

The Extractive Sector Transparency Index is an evaluation launched by the CIP in 2019, with the aim of promoting the transparency of companies operating in this sector in Mozambique. The analyses are based on the availability of tax (30%), social (25%), environmental (20%) and corporate governance (25%) information by companies in the mining and hydrocarbon sector.

“The further reduction in individual transparency, which has adversely affected global transparency, is largely the result of the negative performance of 11 of the 21 companies assessed. Of these companies, the highlight goes to the companies Vulcan Resources [which explores coal in Tete], ICVL Zambeze [explores coal in Tete] and Buzi Hydrocarbons [operator of the Buzi Block in Sofala] which regressed by 69, 41 and 22 points, respectively,” the report reveals. In an interview, Rui Mate explains that Vulcan, the new operator of the Moatize coal mines, once operated by Brazil’s Vale, has not provided any type of information, in addition to not having a website, and when it is contacted, it ignores requests for information. However, Vale was one of the best companies in providing information.

“ICVL Zambezi has not updated on its page information on production, taxes paid and others, provided in the previous edition,” the report details, also ensuring that Buzi Hydrocarbons does not have a website, where information about its activities can be consulted. https://cartamz.com/index.php/economia-e-negocios/item/13327-empresas-de-mineracao-sao-cada-menostransparentes

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