1. Mozambique to Receive U.S. Aid to Contain Conflicts

U.S. President Joe Biden announced that his administration will implement a new strategy to contain conflicts, with Mozambique among the countries covered by the measure. The Biden administration’s new strategy was drawn up on the basis of a law passed by the U.S. Congress in 2019 that 200 million dollars annually (181 million euros) should be allocated to development plans that create long-term stability, it was announced Friday (01.04). The countries that will benefit from these funds are Mozambique, Haiti, Libya, Papua New Guinea and five West African countries (Benin, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea and Togo), the US President announced. In a letter made public by the White House, Joe Biden argued that the United States must have a leading position in the world and assume itself as “a force for peace and stability,” as well as a nation with which other governments can work together. According to the same document, this new strategy represents a reaffirmation of U.S. leadership to address current challenges, including the pandemic, the climate crisis and the rise of autocracies that believe that democracy “cannot prosper in the 21st century.” For this reason, Biden advocates a new strategy based on long-term efforts for 10 years to work with civil society and the governments of the countries concerned with the goal of “promoting stability, economic development, respect for human rights and gender equality.” One of the points that distinguish this strategy from others implemented by Washington in the past focuses on seeking to look beyond short-term needs, focusing on long-term goals, the White House said in another statement.



2. SADC to Downgrade to peace Keeping Mission

According to the South African Minister for International Relations and Cooperation, Dr. Naledi Pandor, the SADC Mission in Mozambique, the SAMIM deployment, will be downgraded from a complete and full enforcement operation to a traditional peacekeeping mission. She made these comments during the SADC troika ministers meeting in Pretoria this past weekend. According to the statement released by her, “ The summit extended the mandate of SAMIM with the additional capability requirements and additional integral personnel for a further three months, from 16 January to 15 April and thereafter de-escalation to Scenario Five up to 15 July 2022…An additional budget in support of the SAMIM operations was also approved…Continued commitment and support of member states ins commended. It signals the premium we attach to the fight against terrorism, which continues to threaten gains the region is making toward integration and socio-economic development. Member States’ efforts are not in vain,” the statement continues. In the SADC military troika, Scenario 5 is a peacekeeping mission mandate, whereas Scenario 6 is a full military support mandate. At the moment, then, the SAMIM troops are operating under the Scenario 6 mandate. At the troika meeting, another consideration that was approved was the creating of a framework for support of Mozambique’s ongoing and any future efforts to counter-terrorism. This would include strengthening areas like politics, diplomacy, economic and social development, humanitarian assistance, military (including intelligence services), public security, as well as law and order. “These are key steps that would lead to the stabilization of affected areas in Cabo Delgado province”, the minister informed the SADC meeting. The mission, as it stands now, will continue to receive funding and support, both regionally and internationally, through bodies such as the European Union.

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