1. Insurgency Escalates And Spreads Southwards

Since Saturday 4 June 2022 the insurgency has not only been escalating – it has spread to the south of the Province to areas formerly considered to be safe. On Saturday 4 June insurgents attacked villages in the Ancuabe District – an area, where IDP’s coming from Palma and Mocimboa da Praia, have been resettled. And on Sunday 12 June the insurgents attacked Mazeze village near Chiure – right in the south of the Province.

The attacks prompted a mass flight of residents from Ancuabe at the beginning of last week. On Saturday, busses and other vehicles were queuing up to leave the city of Pemba – the Provincial capital. And local persons were contacted on Sunday 12 June in Nacala – far to the south in Nampula Province – were expressing fear that the fighting would reach even there.

On Friday 10 June DW Africa reported as follows:

Cabo Delgado: “The city of Pemba is panicking,” activist warns

Abudo Gafuro, of the Kuendeleya Association, warns that “we need to do very hard, exhaustive and urgent work to repel” the terrorists. Another attack this Thursday (09.06) again alarmed the local population.

On Thursday (09.06) a person was beheaded in the woods of Silva Macua, Cabo Delgado, aggravating the insecurity that since Sunday has affected the south of the Mozambican province, so far considered free of armed rebels. Community source reported that the discovery of a person beheaded in the woods motivated the flight of the population of the village of Salaue, less than 100 kilometers from Pemba, next to the national road 1 (EN1) leading to the provincial capital.

The armed groups that terrorize Cabo Delgado, in northern Mozambique, also killed last Tuesday four people in an attack on Ancuabe district, this after another attack over the weekend. Among the victims were two security guards from a company that exploits graphite in the region.

 

The map below shows how the city of Pemba is being surrounded

The attack on Ancuabe district could mean the opening of a new front by insurgents who were displaced in the districts of Nangade, Palma, Macomia and Quissanga, argues Abudo Gafuro, president of the Kuendeleya Association, which works for the defence of human rights in Pemba.

Gafuro adds that this new attack is worsening the internally displaced persons crisis in the province, with many people from Ancuabe trying to take refuge in the city of Pemba and other neighboring districts. “This may represent a new front. The Mozambican state and the regional force or Rwanda should look to the southern and central part of the province. That is, they are attacking today about 80 kilometers from the city of Pemba, we are talking about Silva Macua… This ended up panicking thousands of people.

“The insurgents are infiltrated throughout the region of Cabo Delgado province, because they are children or are our friends, they are our brothers, who do and who lead these kinds of attacks to be able to open new fronts in the region that is unprotected and with less attention on the part of the Rwandan military. They no longer have a solid basis where they can stabilize. They can walk in numbers of three, four, five and even seven to destabilize thousands of people, through gunfire here and then elsewhere.

“It has already caused another wave of IDP’s. Tens or hundreds of people are entering the city of Pemba from Ancuabe. The city of Pemba is panicking. The city itself [Pemba] has a single entrance and exit. We cannot think the worst for the city of Pemba, but we have to do very hard, exhausting and urgent work to be able to repel this force that is 40, 60 or 80 kilometers from the city of Pemba”.

 

2. Cabo Delgado: Standard Mozambique Pushes Gas Project To 2023

Standard Bank expects the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) project led by Totalenergies in Cabo Delgado, northern Mozambique, to resume in 2023 if there is safety. “The latest terrorist attacks in Cabo Delgado could lead to Totalenergies being further delayed in the construction of Afungi’ liquefied natural gas (LNG) venture,” the bank’s latest analysis note reads. “If there are safety conditions, we can still see construction resumed during 2023”, but “initial expectations were that construction would resume during the last quarter” of 2022, he recalls, about the €20 billion investment in which the country’s many hopes for the economy’s growth reside.

The armed insurgency, which has raged since 2017, continues to provoke attacks in the region. The chief executive of Totalenergies, Patrick Pouyanné, said in January that he wants to go “to Palma, Mocímboa da Praia and Mueda: when he sees that life is back to normal, with state services and population, then the project can start over.”

 

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