1. Terrorism may be the result of Mozambican “oligarchs” created by the IMF – defends Joe Hanlon

 

On 20 September 2022, https://cartamz.com reported: “The blame for the curse of [natural] resources and therefore the war in Cabo Delgado can be attributed, in part, to the poor governance and greed of a Frelimo nomenklatura that benefits from its political control of minerals and other assets and earns income by providing these assets to foreign capital.” This is the thesis defended by Joseph Hanlon, a British social scientist who specializes in Mozambique’s affairs, in his most recent scientific communication presented on Monday in Maputo during the 6th International Conference of IESE (Institute of Social and Economic Studies), under the theme “Conflict, Violence and Development”. According to Hanlon, the terrorist attacks that have been going on in Cabo Delgado province since 5 October 2017 may result from the actions of Mozambican oligarchs, created by the policies of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), in the framework of the liberalization of the Mozambican economy. According to the researcher, during the reconstruction of the country after the 16-year war between Frelimo and Renamo, the United States of America and the Bretton Woods institutions, especially the IMF, imposed a “shock therapy” on Mozambique, characteristic of the sudden transformation of socialists into capitalists, which made room for the emergence of oligarchs within the Frelimo party.

One of the oligarchs “created” by the IMF, Hanlon says, is Raimundo Pachinuapa, a senior member of Frelimo and a former national liberation fighter who controls one of the world’s largest ruby mines. “In 2009, Raimundo Pachinuapa heard that artisanal miners were finding rubies and he claimed a license for 35,000 ha. All occupants were expelled, both farmers and prospectors. And in the oligarchic model, as he could not run a ruby mine, he sold three quarters to Gemfields [a British mining company that owns 75% of Montepuez Ruby Minning’s shares],” he says.

For Joe Hanlon, this fact, coupled with the discovery of gas in the Rovuma basin and which led to the resettlement of just over 2,500 people, caused outrage among the population, which gained nothing from the exploitation of natural resources. Hanlon recalls that Cabo Delgado is the richest province in the country in natural and mineral resources, but is the most marginalized.

The Editor of the Bulletin of the Political Process of Mozambique argues that, in Cabo Delgado, there are enough complaints that put people in readiness to enter the war and the Islamic State has been able to exploit these factors.

Without naming names, Hanlon says other oligarchs still benefit from trafficking in timber, drugs, as well as humanitarian aid and reconstruction money. “For them, it’s not a resource curse,” he says, noting that they represent the success of the “shock therapy” applied by IMF and World Bank to the Mozambican economy.

“Oligarchs have impunity and can steal and kill in the name of the free market. Oligarchs can keep some of the money from foreign contracts in foreign bank accounts,” he said. However, the researcher recognizes that there are other factors that influence terrorism in the province of Cabo Delgado, such as social exclusion and unemployment. Therefore, it understands that the solution of the conflict is to solve the problems raised by the population.

 

2. Cape Delgado: Population flees to Metuge after finding two bodies

 

Deutsche Welle reported on 20 September 2022: “The population of Pulo, a community 20 kilometres from Mozambique’s Pemba Bay, is on the run to Metuge after finding the bodies of two murdered residents. “We are leaving, I am preparing to leave as well” towards the district of Metuge, said a resident on condition of anonymity, giving an account of the stampede of the population. The causes of the deaths are not known, but the attacks by armed groups that have been going on since June in that southern part of Cabo Delgado province immediately raise fears in communities living in remote areas. “We were looking for snails, when suddenly the dog began to sniff and led us to where there were two people dead and with violent wounds on the neck: we found it strange and communicated to the others,” said one of the residents who was at the scene, a corn and manioc garden.

The bodies were identified as people from a nearby village who used to hunt nearby. Another resident said that in addition to the population of Pulo, also residents of other communities – such as Ponto A village – began to seek refuge near Metuge, the nearest district.

There are residents who ask to be protected by the ‘local force’, name given to militias who have received weapons from the authorities to help control the territory.

Metuge is situated on the edge of Pemba Bay, opposite the provincial capital, separated by 10 kilometers by boat, or 40 kilometers, skirting the sea, by road. The coastal district has been, along with Pemba, one of the most burdened with displaced people seeking safety during the five-year insurgency.

Members of the ‘local force’ in Cabo Delgado

 

3. Cabo Delgado Delegates To Frelimo Congress Give Slap In the Face To IDP’s

 

In a stunning display of insensitivity, reported on https://cartamz.com on 21 September 2022, Entrepreneurs from Cabo Delgado donate more than 10 million Mts (about 3 million Rand) to the XII Frelimo Congress.

While more than 850,000 people suffer from hunger and various basic needs, due to the terrorist attacks that have hit the province of Cabo Delgado since October 2017, businesspeople in that province go to great lengths to please the country’s political power. Last weekend, the business class of Cabo Delgado province – which is constantly complaining of being in crisis because of the terrorist attacks and also the Covid-19 pandemic – donated more than 10 million Meticais to help the party Frelimo to organize its XII Congress, which starts this Friday, in the Municipality of Matola, Maputo province. The amount was raised during the Fundraising Gala for the XII Congress, organized by the local Provincial Committee, with part of the money coming from the auction of some items, especially capulanas, shirts, cups and works of art. “It’s 8 million and 433 thousand Meticais (…), we didn’t put in what you gave here today. It means that we are above 10 million Meticais”, said José Kalime, First Secretary of Frelimo in Cabo Delgado, at the end of the meeting. The statements were reproduced by Televisão de Moçambique.

The auction of goods, as well as the purchase of prominent places at gala dinners, is one of the ways Frelimo uses it to finance Congresses and electoral campaigns. Frelimo has also financed itself through coercive charges against State officials and agents. For this year, Frelimo demanded support of 1,500.00 Meticais for each licensed civil servant and 400.00 Meticais for medium technicians.

In Cabo Delgado, in addition to donating 10 million Meticais, businessmen provided a gala dinner to envy any displaced person. Light, live music and a refined atmosphere characterized the dinner that preceded the holding of yet another major meeting of the ruling party.

 

4. EU Visit To Mozambique

 

A six-member group of MEPs led by Committee chair Nathalie Loiseau visited Mozambique on 18-21 September 2022. The purpose of the visit was to assess the work of the EU Training Mission in Mozambique (EUTM) and to reinforce the importance of EU-Mozambique cooperation on security and defence, particularly with regard to stabilising the Cabo Delgado region and tackling terrorist threats. The visit was headed by Security and Defence Subcommittee (SEDE) chair Nathalie Loiseau (RE, FR), who was joined by Arnaud Danjean (EPP, FR), Attila Ara-Kovács (S&D, HU), Isabel Santos (S&D, PT), JaakMadison (ID, ET), Lars Patrick Berg (ECR, DE) and Mick Wallace (Left, IE). SEDE’s visit included meetings in Maputo with the President of Mozambique’s Parliament, the Chair and members of the Committee on Defence, the Minister of Defence, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, civil society as well as observing a live-fire exercise of the EUTM supported Mozambican Special Forces – Quick Reaction Force.

At the end of the three-day visit, Nathalie Loiseau said: The EU-Mozambique partnership is important in achieving regional stability and economic development. This is particularly important in the context of the geopolitical consequences, including food and energy shortages, of Russia’s illegal war in Ukraine. We were pleased to see the EU Training Mission (EUTM), while one of the newest CSDP Missions, has the potential to become a leading example of a new generation of EUTMs where advice and training assistance is backed-up with additional capabilities under the European Peace Facility and embedded in an integrated

EU approach alongside significant economic and humanitarian aid. For this approach to be sustainable, it is essential that the Mozambican government pursues its own integrated approach. This means working with partners to provide essential social, health, educational and economic support to all citizens, including those returning to Cabo Delgado, so Mozambique can become resilient to threats from jihadi terrorist groups or opportunistic actors like Russia’s Wagner Group.

 

5. Humanitarian Crisis In Manica Province

 

Hundreds of displaced people from Cabo Delgado, welcomed in Chimoio, are asking the provincial government for decent housing. They complain about living in plastic tents, accommodating as many as 10 people.

“We’re still living in plastic tents.” They call for decent housing to be built, because the tents they are small and do not have compartments to house boys and girls, nor do they cope with the size of the household.

In an interview with DW Africa, a displaced citizen, along with a family of nine, describes the scenario experienced in recent times. “We are waiting for the delivery of the house. That’s why other kids aren’t here. As you can see, my 22-year-old son sleeps with me in the same tent and that’s wrong,” she lamented.

She also asked for utensils and agricultural products – such as pesticides – to produce cabbage, tomatoes, potatoes and corn, in order to improve the family’s food supply.

 

 

Displaced people from Cabo Delgado recently met with the Government of Manica to discuss their needs

“I planted corn, but I don’t have any pesticides to spray, i don’t have a motor pump to irrigate. This machamba is small and I need four hectares of machamba, I can’t work,” she said.

The administrator of the provincial capital of Manica, Chimoio Daniel Andicene, said the Government and cooperation partners are looking to build 35 homes later this year, for the same number of displaced people.

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