On 27 April, the World Bank signed a $100 Million grant to Mozambique via the Mozambican Northern Integrated Development Agency (ADIN). This was signed on the same day the council of Ministers replaced the incumbent ADIN head, Armando Panguene with a new head, Armindo Nguga, who was previously secretary for the Cabo Delgado Province. The World Bank has also made eligible through its Prevention and Resilience Allocation, an additional $700 Million to the ADIN

As of 4 May 2021, the International Organisation for Migration has registered 38 062 displaced people from Palma who have arrived from Quitunda, the resettlement village set up along the Afungi peninsula. There are also people fleeing Palma via sea, despite a government ban on coastal sea travel north of Pemba. Pirates are charging people

$50-$60 per person for the entire trip. Up to 2 May, around 500 people used this route, including a boat holding 190 displaced people who were stuck on their ship, enable to disembark until authorities were able to organize temporary shelters for them to stay in.

In Nangage, the locals are suspicious of the displaced people, believing that many of them include sleeper insurgents, awaiting instructions from their commanders. This feeling of unease has been made worse by the fact that the local militia, staffed by ex-military, have not received their March and April stipends, and have therefore chosen not to perform their patrolling duties.

Meanwhile, at the Total plant in Afungi, the chief financial officer Jean-Pierre Sbraire said Total would be delaying its work on the LNG project for at least a year. The company invoked the force majeure clause in its contracts with its subcontractors, which is disastrous to those subcontractors who are dependent on the work at Afungi, as many of them fear they will be bankrupt by the end of the year. This has also had an impact on the Mozambican state energy company, who borrowed a large amount of money to pay for its part on the LNG project. This borrowing was done on a forecast of the government receiving LNG revenues beginning 2024, but that has now been pushed back to at least 2025, which could see the energy provider ENH defaulting on its loans on the international borrowing market.

German Opposition Parties Urge Action on Mozambique

The Government of Germany has been too quiet in the face of the disaster in Cabo Delgado, and that is dangerous,” says Alexander Graf Lambsdorft, deputy to the Bundestag, German federal parliament, and member of the liberal party (FDP). The second largest opposition party in the country, with 80 deputies, follows with great concern the escalation of violence in northern Mozambique and calls on Germany and the European Union to become more and better involved in the matter. Lambsdorff, who between 2004 and 2017 led his party in the European Parliament, argues that “the German federal government must take concrete measures”. And he recalls that “terrorists are making great strides, because a large part of society does not benefit from the wealth and large investments in the region”. Lambsdorff underlines that “Germany is one of the main donors of Mozambique and, therefore, it is up to the German Government to demand that the Mozambican Government comply with the rules and principles that it was obliged to in the agreements that it signed at bilateral and multilateral level”.

It would be up to Portugal, which in the first half of 2021 holds the presidency of the European Union, an important role, since it is a member of the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP) and has privileged historical, cultural and political ties with Mozambique, according to Alexander Graf Lambsdorff. “Portugal announced an initiative that aims to provide military training to Mozambican soldiers. But this is only a first step and does not constitute a consistent and long-term strategy,” he considers. Lambsdorff argues that “the German federal government – together with Portugal – must demand that Mozambique undertake political, economic and social reforms and also must demand that there be no religious marginalization in the country”.

Sevim Dağdelen, one of the 69 deputies of the “Die Linke” party (The Left), the successor of the former Socialist Unitarian party of the defunct communist East Germany, is also concerned about the situation in Cabo Delgado. “Mozambique urgently needs international support, there is an urgent need to face a possible food crisis and a humanitarian catastrophe”, says the foreign policy specialist from Germany’s third-largest opposition party. “But Mozambique in no way needs troops from the former colonial power or from countries that are exploring natural gas off the Mozambican coast. With each soldier or mercenary that is sent to Cabo Delgado, the situation gets worse!”

The Greens have 67 deputies in the Bundestag and are the fourth largest opposition party. They currently lead the vote intention rankings in most polls in Germany and may come to lead the German government after the general elections in September. This party takes a very critical approach to the exploitation of natural gas and other natural resources in Cabo Delgado and sees the extractive industries business as one of the reasons for the worsening of the conflict.

New Facts About Insurgents’ Recruits

Mozambique Reports and Clippings 6 May 2021 reports:

“War supplies and new recruits are carried at night on dhows the 200 km from Mtwara, Tanzania, to Mocimboa da Praia, according to local sources in January. Small islands in the Rouvma estuary are also used as logistic bases. There has also been active recruitment among the youth of Zanzibar and some have travelled to Mtwara to join the insurgents”.

New Pemba Bishop says Nyusi should pay more attention to Cabo Delgado

“If I were president, my concerns would be different. Cabo Delgado would be high on the agenda. I would be talking about this every day. I would delegate other functions. To inaugurate a school, I have ministers, vice-ministers, prime minister. I would dedicate myself to a cause that really affects national sovereignty. It is necessary to find effective results very urgently and not to minimise a problem like this,” said António Juliasse, the new bishop of Pemba.

The original interview (in Portuguese) was published on 27 April by Observador (Lisbon) but is behind a paywall, on http://bit.ly/PembaBishop-Obs. But a free copy is posted by Macua.blogs on http://bit.ly/Pemba-Bishop-Macua

“If you ask a young person which way the country is going, there is great dissatisfaction. If you ask them about their future, they find it difficult to say anything about it. In my opinion, clear paths must be shown: in which direction we are going. When you see that a few are benefiting more and more and so many other young people don’t have the possibility and don’t see these possibilities, they are vulnerable to all sorts of things.”

The Bishop was particularly critical of corruption at the top. “In practice corruption spreads further and further, reaching the highest spheres. … This cannot be hidden. Everyone knows it. In several mandates, the presidents of Mozambique have proposed to fight against corruption in a forceful manner. Instead of fighting, things got worse and worse. Everyone understands this, the evil has been diagnosed for a long time. But you don’t see an effective fight. Sometimes it is very difficult for the one who is in the problem to fight against himself. How can a corrupt person fight against himself?”

US Marines Complete Training In Cabo Delgado

A dozen US Special Operations Forces soldiers on Wednesday (5 May) completed two months of training Mozambican marines “on tactical skills, combat casualty care, marksmanship, and executing a mission while avoiding damage to civilians and property”. The press statement for the US embassy continued: “This training exercise reflects the United States Government’s commitment to support the Government of Mozambique’s efforts to defeat ISIS.” A second training exercise will be held in July.

International Relations and Cooperation Minister Naledi Pandor and US Secretary of State Antony Blinken agree on the need for the US and South Africa to cooperate in addressing the Islamist insurgency in Mozambique

At the margins of the London G7 meeting on 5 May US Secretary of State Antony Blinken met with South African Foreign Minister Naledi Pandor. A US State Department statement said they “underscored the need … to cooperate on climate ambition and regional security issues such as the ongoing violence by ISIS-Mozambique.”

In a separate meeting with her European Union counterpart Josep Borrell on Wednesday, Pandor addressed the Mozambique insurgency, the pandemic and Zimbabwe.

In their communique, the G7 ministers urged the Mozambique government to hold accountable those responsible for human rights abuses in the insurgency and also to address humanitarian needs and the root causes of the violence. The G7 ministers welcomed “timely consideration of international support” in fighting the insurgency.

This was an apparent reference to Maputo’s delayed acceptance of offers of support from the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Portugal and the US.

“We urge Mozambique to hold accountable those responsible for human rights abuses and violations in Cabo Delgado,” the G7 communique also said. This was an apparent reference to a recent Amnesty International report which accused Mozambique security forces, the Islamist insurgents and a private military company supporting Mozambican forces, of committing abuses against civilians in Cabo Delgado.

Pandor also met the French foreign minister Jean-Yves le Drian on the margins of the G7 conference. The EU said Pandor and Borrell had discussed peace and security, the Covid-19 pandemic in southern Africa and their plans for ensuring universal and equitable access to Covid-19 diagnostics, treatments and vaccines.

Blinken’s office said he and Pandor “underscored the need to expand global Covid-19 vaccine production and to cooperate on climate ambition and regional security issues such as the ongoing violence by Isis-Mozambique.

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