The Anglophone problem in Cameroon should be more appropriately understood as the Southern Cameroon Question, it is one that requires meticulous articulation in a manner that there will be no ambiguities.  From independence, the English speaking people of the republic of Cameroon were distinct people who came into a union with the Francophone who were also separate people in 1961.

During the union, the English Speaking people came along with some core value systems and institutions:

  • A legal/judiciary system (the common law system)
  • A political system (a house of assembly, political parties and an electoral system)
  • An Administrative system (local government areas)
  • A trade-cultural system (naturally chosen chiefs)
  • A security system (the mobile police)
  • An educational system (an Anglo-Saxon system)
  • An economic/infrastructure system (industries, airports, water supply system, infrastructure maintenance system)

All these systems were distinct and different from what the Francophone were practicing. Conflicts arose because the Anglophones found that all these systems were being gradually and systematically deformed, adulterated, polluted, dismantled and erased, through marginalization, discrimination, subjugation and assimilation by the Francophone majority. If we understand and present the problem as it is from the onset then you can now understand that the Anglophones wants that these systems be RESTORED, PROTECTED and DEFENDED. To achieve this, many think that it can only be achieved through outright separation (separatist who declared the federal republic of Ambazonia on 1st October 2017), through Federation (federalist who think that the country needs to go back to the old federal system) through a new form of government after negotiation or dialogue (these are unionist who thinks the problem is stemming from bad governance).

On the other hand, Anglophones are blamed for their fate because throughout the 57years of unity, they have been too gullible, credulous, complacent and condescending and the Francophone took these weaknesses to her advantage.

The protracted conflicts since 2016 have led to devastating political, economic, social and humanitarian impact on the Anglophone people in particular and the country as a whole. Since 2017 when the separatist took arms against the government forces there have been boycott of schools in the Anglophone zones since 2016, boycott of some products from Francophone zones as means of economic sabotage, refugees crises, internal displacement of persons from the nw/sw regions of two other Cameroon, arbitrary arrest and detentions, raping of girls and women, maiming, burning of villages, kidnappings, killings and general human rights violations resulting from atrocities of government forces(army ) and the armed separatist groups. The group of people who has been/is suffering from this chaos is children who have been derived of education, are dying on daily basis because of famine, lack of medication and sometimes victims of stray bullets.

To solve this problem, there is absolute need for dialogue/negotiation between the belligerents in the presence of a credible mediator who has to be agreed upon by both parties in the conflict. The mediator will eventually countersign the agreement which will be arrived at from the dialogue and ensure its implementation.

This piece of work is concerned with the efforts made by local and international NGO in the struggle to assist the people of Cameroon in the worsening humanitarian since 2017, especially in relation to violations of human rights and the rights of the children as stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. The extent of efforts made by countries and NGO’s like Germany, France US , CHRDA, REDDHAC, AIF, AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL, UHCR, Human Rights Watch, UNICEF amongst others will form the focus of the analysis in this piece of work.

Access Full PDF Timeline Report 2017-2021:

THE ANGLOPHONE CRISIS-Timeline Report April 2021

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